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Submitted: 11 May 2022
Accepted: 25 Jul 2022
ePublished: 17 Aug 2022
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Immunopathol Persa. 2023;9(1): e33406.
doi: 10.34172/ipp.2022.33406
  Abstract View: 236
  PDF Download: 146

Review

The relationship between coffee consumption and the risk of gastric cancer; a systematic review and meta-analysis

Moloud Fakhri 1,2* ORCID logo, Hafez Fakheri 3 ORCID logo, Mahmood Moosazadeh 4 ORCID logo, Melina Ramezanpour 5 ORCID logo, Mohammad Yousofpour 3,6* ORCID logo

1 School of Medicine, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
2 Traditional and Complementary Medicine Research Center, Addiction Institute, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
3 Gut and Liver Research Center, Non-communicable Disease Institute, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
4 Health Sciences Research center, Addiction Institute, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
5 Medical Student at Medical School, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
6 Department of Traditional Persian Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
*Corresponding Authors: Correspondence to Moloud Fakhri, Email: mmfir@yahoo.com, and , Email: m.fakhri@mazums.ac.ir; Correspondence to Mohammad Yousofpour, Email: , Email: m.yousofpoor@yahoo.com

Abstract

Introduction: Stomach cancer is among five common malignancies whose prevalence and incidence are considerably associated with our dietary regime. Thus, the present study aims to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the relationship between coffee drinking and the risk of stomach cancer. Materials and

Methods: A comprehensive literature search of the databases, including Barakat Knowledge Network System, Cochrane, IranDoc, Web of Science, PubMed, SID, Magiran, Scopus, and Google Scholar web browser was conducted using standard keywords. Data analysis of this meta-analysis was conducted using STATA 14 software and P<0.05 was considered as a significant level for tests.

Results: A total of 24 studies with a sample size of 990605 were reviewed which showed drinking coffee prevents stomach cancer [OR=0.89, (95% CI: 0.82, 0.98]. However, subgroup analysis by gender found no significant statistical relationship between coffee consumption and stomach cancer risk regarding male or female gender. However, the statistically significant relationship between coffee drinking and stomach cancer risk was assessed in several countries, including Korea, Turkey, Uruguay, Venezuela, and Singapore, with the largest effect being reported in Turkey [OR=0.51 (95% CI: 0.39,0.67].

Conclusion: Coffee consumption prevents and reduces the risk of developing stomach cancer.

Keywords: Coffee, Cancer, Neoplasm, Stomach

Citation: Fakhri M, Fakheri H, Moosazadeh M, Ramezanpour M, Yousofpour M. The relationship between coffee consumption and the risk of gastric cancer; a systematic review and meta-analysis. Immunopathol Persa. 2023;9(1):e33406. DOI:10.34172/ ipp.2022.33406.
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