Logo-ipp
Submitted: 07 Oct 2021
Accepted: 11 Nov 2021
ePublished: 04 Mar 2022
EndNote EndNote

(Enw Format - Win & Mac)

BibTeX BibTeX

(Bib Format - Win & Mac)

Bookends Bookends

(Ris Format - Mac only)

EasyBib EasyBib

(Ris Format - Win & Mac)

Medlars Medlars

(Txt Format - Win & Mac)

Mendeley Web Mendeley Web
Mendeley Mendeley

(Ris Format - Win & Mac)

Papers Papers

(Ris Format - Win & Mac)

ProCite ProCite

(Ris Format - Win & Mac)

Reference Manager Reference Manager

(Ris Format - Win only)

Refworks Refworks

(Refworks Format - Win & Mac)

Zotero Zotero

(Ris Format - Firefox Plugin)

Immunopathol Persa. 2022;8(2): e29308.
doi: 10.34172/ipp.2022.29308
  Abstract View: 118
  PDF Download: 107

Review

Correlation of exposure to environmental tobacco smoke and periodontitis in passive smokers; a systematic review

Sona Rafieyan 1 ORCID logo, Mehrnoosh Sadighi Shamami 2 ORCID logo, Vian Shateri 3* ORCID logo, Morteza Ghojazadeh 4 ORCID logo, Fatemeh Salehnia 5 ORCID logo

1 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, School of Dentistry, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran
2 Department of Periodontics, Tabriz medical university, Tabriz, Iran
3 Faculty of Dentistry, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
4 Physiology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
5 Research Center for Evidence Based Medicine (RCEBM), Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
*Corresponding Author: *Correspondence to Vian Shateri, Email: , Email: vians76@gmail.com

Abstract

Introduction: Smoking is a major health hazard. Cigarette smoke is produced by burning of complex organic compounds that include highly toxic components. Passive smokers are non-smoker individuals that are exposed to second-hand smoke (SHS) or environmental tobacco smoke (ETS). Passive or involuntary smoking is currently a major public health dilemma worldwide. Considering the increasing number of passive smokers in today’s world, it is imperative to assess the potential adverse effects of passive smoking on oral health and periodontal tissue.

Objectives: This study aimed to assess the correlation between exposure to ETS and periodontitis in passive smokers.

Methods: In this systematic review, the Google Scholar, PubMed and Scopus databases were searched for relevant articles published from 1990 to 2020. The extracted data were tabulated.

Results: Search of the literature yielded 77 articles based on the searched keywords. After assessing the abstracts and excluding the duplicates, 68 articles remained. After accurate assessment by the examiners, 21 articles were selected for the full-text review. Finally, seven eligible articles remained in the study for the final review.

Conclusion: Cigarette smoke affects the immune system and aggravates periodontal destruction as such. Despite the available evidence regarding the correlation of periodontal parameters and exposure to ETS in passive smokers, more comprehensive studies on this topic are still required to achieve a definite therapeutic protocol considering the small number of available studies on this topic, methodological flaws and the existing controversies.


Citation: Rafieyan S, Sadighi Shamami M , Shateri V, Ghojazadeh M, Salehnia F. Correlation of exposure to environmental tobacco smoke and periodontitis in passive smokers; a systematic review. Immunopathol Persa. 2022;8(2):e29308. DOI:10.34172/ ipp.2022.29308.
First Name
 
Last Name
 
Email Address
 
Comments
 
Security code


Abstract View: 119

Your browser does not support the canvas element.


PDF Download: 107

Your browser does not support the canvas element.