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Submitted: 12 Oct 2019
Accepted: 20 Dec 2019
ePublished: 19 Jan 2020
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Immunopathol Persa. 2020;6(1): e012.
doi: 10.15171/ipp.2020.12
  Abstract View: 246
  PDF Download: 174

Original Article

Serum parameters and severity of coronary artery disease in patients with acute coronary syndrome

Fardin Mirbolouk 1 ORCID logo, Fatemeh Baharvand 1 * ORCID logo, Arsalan Salari 1 ORCID logo, Maryam Shakiba 1 ORCID logo, Mani Moayerifar 1 ORCID logo, Mahboobeh Gholipour 1 ORCID logo

1 Cardiovascular diseases research Center, Department of Cardiology, Heshmat Hospital, School of Medicine, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran

Abstract

Introduction: Coronary artery disease (CAD) is one of the most common causes of morbidity and mortality in developed countries. SYNTAX (SX) score is a useful index that scores lesion severity during coronary angiography (CA) and can predict the patient’s outcome. Recent studies have associated a number of serum parameters with SX score, including platelet volume, and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR).

Objectives: We aimed to study the SX score in association with various serum parameters to find a valuable parameter for prediction of CAD severity.

Patients and Methods: This study consisted of 363 patients referred to Heshmat hospital (Rasht) from March 2016 to October 2016 with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Serum laboratory parameters were measured after 12 hours of fasting. Severity of CAD was evaluated during CA by SX score. The associations were analyzed using multinomial logistic regression model.

Results: The mean age of patients was 63.68±11.03 years; since 26.2% of cases had severe, 43% had moderate, and 30.8% had mild CAD. Comparing to mild CAD, the multivariate adjusted model showed higher significant odds of severe CAD for one elevation of platelets (odds ratio [OR] =2.18 (95% CI: 1.35-3.50), white blood cells (WBCs) (OR=1.66, 95% CI: 1.17-2.35) RDW (red cell distribution width), (OR=1.59, 95% CI: 1.08-2.35) and serum creatinine (OR=1.75, 95% CI: 1.16-2.63).

Conclusion: Plasma platelets, WBC and RDW and also serum creatinine were all independently correlated with severity of CAD. 

Keywords: Platelet, Lymphocyte count, Coronary artery disease, Coronary angiography, Atherosclerosis, Inflammation..

Citation: Mirbolouk F, Baharvand F, Salari A, Shakiba M, Moayerifar M, Gholipour M. Serum parameters and severity of coronary artery disease in patients with acute coronary syndrome. Immunopathol Persa. 2020;6(1):e12. DOI:10.15171/ ipp.2020.12.

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