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Submitted: 14 Nov 2019
Accepted: 25 Dec 2019
ePublished: 06 Jan 2020
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Immunopathol Persa. 2020;6(1): e08.
doi: 10.15171/ipp.2020.08
  Abstract View: 300
  PDF Download: 180

Original Article

Diagnostic value of serum procalcitonin for diagnosis of bacterial infection in patients with chronic kidney disease under hemodialysis

Rasoul Estakhri 1,2 * ORCID logo, Nava Moghadasian Niaki 3 ORCID logo, Hamid Noshad 4, Mohammad Asghari 5, Hojjat Barghi 3 ORCID logo

1 Kidney Research Center,Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
2 Department of Pathology, Sina Training and Treatment Center, Tabriz, Iran
3 Department of Pathology, Imam Reza Training and Treatment Center, Tabriz, Iran
4 Department of Nephrology, Sina Training and Treatment Center, Tabriz, Iran
5 Department of Epidemiology, Health and Neutrition Faculty, Tabriz, Iran

Abstract

Introduction: Bacterial infections are common causes of mortality and morbidity among chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients under hemodialysis.

Objectives: In this study the diagnostic value of serum procalcitonin for diagnosis of bacterial infections in patients with CKD under hemodialysis was assessed.

Patients and Methods: In this cross-sectional comparative investigation, 47 patients with CKD under hemodialysis were enrolled to the study. We studied the relationship of serum procalcitonin (PTC) and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels (before and after dialysis) with “positive bacterial culture” and “systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS)” results. Sensitivity and specificity were determined by ROC test.

Results: Serum PTC before and after dialysis as well as the CRP before dialysis had no significant association with positive bacterial culture (P=0.492, P=0.1 and P=0.268 respectively), however after-dialysis CRP had a significant association with positive bacterial culture (P=0.032).

Conclusion: According to the obtained results, it may be concluded that the diagnostic value of serum PTC for diagnosis of positive culture bacterial infections in hemodialysis patients is not satisfactory since the serum CRP level especially after dialysis is more useful. 

Keywords: Procalcitonin, Hemodialysis, Bacterial infection, Chronic kidney disease, End-stage renal diseases, C-reactive protein
Citation: Estakhri R, Moghadasian N, Noshad H, Asghari M, Barghi H. Diagnostic value of serum procalcitonin for diagnosis of bacterial infection in patients with chronic kidney disease under hemodialysis. Immunopathol Persa. 2020;6(1):e08. DOI:10.15171/ ipp.2020.08.
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