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Submitted: 11 Oct 2020
Accepted: 10 Dec 2020
ePublished: 03 Feb 2021
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Immunopathol Persa. 2021;7(2): e26.
doi: 10.34172/ipp.2021.26
  Abstract View: 211
  PDF Download: 120

Original

Distribution of CCR5 Δ32 HIV-1 resistance allele frequency at Zanjan province in Iran

Alieh Farshbaf 1 ORCID logo, Alireza Biglari 1 ORCID logo, Soghrat Faghihzadeh 2 ORCID logo, Abdolreza Esmaeilzadeh 3,4 * ORCID logo

1 Department of Medical Genetics and Molecular Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran
2 Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Faculty of medicine, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran
3 Department of Immunology, School of Medicine, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran
4 Immunotherapy Research and Technology Group, School of Medicine, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran
*Correspondence to Abdolreza Esmaeilzadeh, Email: a46reza@zums.ac.ir

Abstract

Introduction: The CC chemokine receptor 5 (CCR5) is known as the main co-receptor in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Accumulating evidence verified 32bp deletion in both alleles of CCR5 provides natural resistance to HIV infection. Accordingly, recent therapeutic approaches are based on gene and cell therapies by inducing this resistance. Allogeneic transplantation of stem cells with CCR5Δ32 homozygous to HIV infected people has been considered as an efficient strategy.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine CCR5 Δ32 mutation frequency in healthy and HIV-infected individuals in Zanjan province, in Iran and also detecting appropriate candidate for future therapeutic approaches.

Patients and Methods: In this study, blood samples were collected from 102 HIV infected patients and 204 healthy controls in ethylene diamine tetra-acetic acid (EDTA) pre-coated tubes. DNA extraction was performed and analyzed for CCR5Δ32 mutation by GAP-PCR in both groups and followed by 2% gel agarose electrophoresis. The Δ32 genotype frequency was statistically determined.

Results: Our finding demonstrated that 3 HIV infected patients displayed CCR5 mutation, while 204 healthy controls showed one CCR5 Δ32/Δ32 homozygote mutation. We observed that Δ32 mutation frequency is 0.82% in Zanjan province (χ2 =47.58, P<0.001).

Conclusion: Reduction in CCR5 mutation frequency as well as the other polymorphisms related to HIV resistance, can lead to the development of HIV infection epidemiology. Migration, natural selection and genetic admixture can elucidate various distribution of Δ32 allele frequency in different populations, like as north Europeans that reduce gradually to south. The result of this study can facilitate the presentation of suitable Δ32 donors to HIV infected patients in therapeutic approaches.


Keywords: CCR Δ32, Allele frequency, HIV, AIDS, Zanjan, Iran
Citation: Farshbaf A, Biglari A, Faghihzadeh S, Esmaeilzadeh A. Distribution of CCR5 Δ32 HIV-1 resistance allele frequency at Zanjan province in Iran. Immunopathol Persa. 2021;7(2):e26. DOI:10.34172/ ipp.2021.26.
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